Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/83471
Title: Spirituality and anti-Western rhetoric in Uzbekistan in the early 2000s: the consequences of international misrecognition
Authors: Fazendeiro, Bernardo Teles 
Keywords: Uzbekistan; Foreign policy; Rhetoric; Spirituality; Civilization
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Uzbekistan; Foreign policy; Rhetoric; Spirituality; Civilization
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Project: Grant number 5332 
Abstract: References to the spirituality-morality (ma’naviyat) of the Uzbek people increased substantially throughout the course of Islam Karimov’s years in office as the President of Uzbekistan. Uzbek values were presented as qualities springing from the country’s supposedly unique civilizational heritage, cast as something distinct from “Western” civilizational norms and practice. This source of distinctiveness, however, soon gave way to a type of exclusionary discourse in the early 2000s, centered on clearly differentiating Uzbekistan from the “West.” This essay provides a lens through which to understand the phenomenon, arguing that international recognition of status partly accounts for the rise in the particularly anti-Western variant of Karimov’s rhetoric. Authorities in Uzbekistan, not unlike in Russia, built their foreign policy on the need to secure the country’s (allegedly) important status in the international arena; anti-Western rhetoric arose as a response to misrecognition, as it evaded appeals to equality of status and legitimized growing isolationism. The essay reviews the origins of that rhetoric, the meaning of recognition, and the backdrop against which anti-Western moralizing rhetoric arose in Uzbekistan’s international engagement. It also concludes with a brief assessment of how that rhetoric might affect (or not) the foreign policy of Uzbekistan’s new president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/83471
ISSN: 1060-586X
DOI: 10.1080/1060586X.2018.1468686
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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