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Title: Spectral and electrochemical studies on blends of polyaniline and cellulose esters
Authors: Marques, A. P. 
Brett, C. M. A. 
Burrows, H. D. 
Monkman, A. P. 
Retimal, B. 
Issue Date: 2002
Citation: Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 86:9 (2002) 2182-2188
Abstract: Blends of chemically prepared polyaniline emeraldine base (PANi) with cellulose esters were studied as films by UV-visible spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The cellulose esters used were acetate, propionate, acetate butyrate, and acetate hydrogen phthalate. Films were prepared by casting from N-methylpyrrolidone or formic acid, and the effect of doping by acids on their spectral and electrochemical properties was studied. Similar behavior was observed with the acetate, propionate, or acetate butyrate, with spectral changes on adding acid due to protonation of the PANi. In agreement with previous studies, kinetic measurements on PANi in a cellulose acetate matrix shows a relatively slow spectral change on protonation. In contrast, with cellulose acetate hydrogen phthalate (CAHP), no changes were observed on adding acid, and it is suggested that the hydrogen phthalate group acts as proton donor. This was mirrored by the cyclic voltammetry behavior in hydrochloric acid solution. Electrochemical studies on films of PANi/CAHP blends in different relative proportions in sulfuric acid solution show a marked dependence on the solvent used for casting, with higher currents and better electrical conductivity being observed in films prepared from N-methylpyrrolidone. This is shown to be due to the presence of PANi particles in the films. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 86: 2182-2188, 2002
DOI: 10.1002/app.11169
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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