Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/80672
Title: The potential impact of low thermal transmittance construction on the European design guidelines of residential buildings
Authors: Rodrigues, Eugénio 
Fernandes, Marco S. 
Soares, Nelson 
Gomes, Álvaro 
Gaspar, Adélio Rodrigues 
Costa, José J. 
Keywords: generative design method; dynamic simulation; residential buildings; building geometry; thermal transmittance
Issue Date: Aug-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Project: Ren4EEnIEQ (PTDC/EMS-ENE/3238/2014, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016760, LISBOA-01-0145-FEDER-016760) 
PCMs4Buildings (PTDC/EMS-ENE/6079/2014 and POCI-01-0145-FEDER-016750) 
SFRH/BPD/99668/2014 
Abstract: European countries impose regulations for low thermal transmittance envelopes to improve the buildings' energy efficiency. However, in scientific literature, evidences are surfacing that such low U-values are affecting the validity of traditional design guidelines. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the implications of lowering the envelope U-values. To achieve this, 96000 residential buildings were generated, with random geometries and U-values, and their energy consumption evaluated for eight European locations. The buildings were grouped according to the envelope elements' thermal transmittance and the results statistically analyzed. For each group, six geometry-based indexes were correlated with the energy performance. As U-values decrease, the performance variation amplitude was found to reduce, making the geometry less important. However, in warm/moderate climates, low U-values tend to actually increase the energy consumption and also rise the performance variation, meaning that geometry regains importance. In this case, instead of helping reducing the heating demands, solar exposed windows and compact geometries raise the energy consumption. It is concluded that, for each climate location, there is an ideal U-value range for which the energy demand is low and the geometry effect becomes less significant, thus freeing designers to further explore building forms and window designs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/80672
ISSN: 0378-7788
DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.08.009
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Mecânica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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