Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/79992
Title: Optical dating of clastic deposits generated by an extreme marine coastal flood: The 1755 tsunami deposits in the Algarve (Portugal)
Authors: Cunha, P.P. 
Buylaert, J.P. 
Murray, A.S. 
Andrade, C. 
Freitas, M.C. 
Fatela, F. 
Munhá, J.M. 
Martins, A.A. 
Sugisaki, S. 
Keywords: Quartz; OSL dating; Tsunami deposits; Lisbon earthquake; Algarve; Portugal; Residual dose
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/3599-PPCDT/65948/PT/Geological signature of tsunami deposits on the Portuguese coast - GETS 
Serial title, monograph or event: Quaternary Geochronology
Volume: 5
Issue: 2-3
Abstract: Identification of past tsunamis is important for risk assessment and management of coastal areas. Obtaining accurate and precise ages of sediments originating from such extreme marine coastal floods is crucial for a reliable estimation of the recurrence interval of these often devastating events. We present here the results of quartz optical dating and 14C dating of two sites (Boca do Rio and Martinhal) on the Algarve coast (southern Portugal). These sites contain deposits of the great tsunami of November 1, 1755. The sections were described using sedimentological techniques; at both sites tsunami-laid sands and gravels were identified, intercalated between estuarine muds. Quartz luminescence ages from these sedimentary successions were derived using standard SAR-OSL dating using multi-grain sub-samples. A multiple sampling strategy was employed with several samples taken from the AD 1755 tsunami deposit and from the sediments bracketing the tsunami layer. Our SAR-OSL protocol was shown to be appropriate using dose recovery measurements (measured/given dose ratio of 1.004 0.007, n ¼ 165). The several OSL ages from the 1755 tsunamigenic deposits are internally reproducible but yield age overestimates of between 20 and 125% (60–310 years respectively); this is in agreement with values reported in the literature for similar deposits. The age overestimation of the tsunami-laid sands is presumably due to the rapid erosion and deposition of older sediments, with insufficient light exposure for complete bleaching during the tsunami event itself. The absence of significant bleaching during the tsunami is also suggested by the shape of the dose distributions based on sub-samples made up of only about 100 grains. Analysis of the distributions with the minimum-age model seems to yield the expected age for two of the three distributions. It is important to note that age offsets of a few tens of years to a few hundred years rapidly become insignificant when dating older (>1 to few ka) tsunami layers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/79992
ISSN: 1871-1014
DOI: 10.1016/j.quageo.2009.09.004
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D MARE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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