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dc.contributor.authorCardoso, Sandra Morais-
dc.contributor.authorPereira, Cláudia-
dc.contributor.authorOliveira, Catarina Resende-
dc.identifier.citationFree Radical Biology and Medicine. 26:1-2 (1999) 3-13en_US
dc.description.abstractThe mechanisms that lead to mitochondrial damage under oxidative stress conditions were examined in synaptosomes treated with ascorbate/iron. A loss of membrane integrity, evaluated by electron microscopy and by LDH leakage, was observed in peroxidized synaptosomes and it was prevented by pre-incubation with vitamin E (150 [mu]M) and idebenone (50 [mu]M). ATP levels decreased, in synaptosomes exposed to ascorbate/iron, as compared to controls. NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Cx I) and cytochrome c oxidase (Cx IV) activities were unchanged after ascorbate/iron treatment, whereas succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Cx II), ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase (Cx III) and ATP-synthase (Cx V) activities were reduced by 55%, 40%, and 55%, respectively. The decrease of complex II and ATP-synthase activities was prevented by reduced glutathione (GSH), whereas the other antioxidants tested (vitamin E and idebenone) were ineffective. However, vitamin E, idebenone and GSH prevented the reduction of complex III activity observed in synaptosomes treated with ascorbate/iron. GSH protective effect suggests that the oxidation of protein SH-groups is involved in the inhibition of complexes II, III and V activity, whereas vitamin E and idebenone protection suggests that membrane lipid peroxidation is also involved in the reduction of complex III activity. These results may indicate that the inhibition of the mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymatic complexes, that are differentially affected by oxidative stress, can be recovered by specific antioxidants.en_US
dc.subjectLipid peroxidationen_US
dc.subjectFree radicalsen_US
dc.subjectMitochondria respiratory chainen_US
dc.titleMitochondrial function is differentially affected upon oxidative stressen_US
item.fulltextCom Texto completo-
item.grantfulltextopen- de Farmácia, Universidade de Coimbra-
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
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