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|Title:||Antioxidant effect of flavonoids after ascorbate/Fe2+-induced oxidative stress in cultured retinal cells||Authors:||Areias, Filipe Miguel
Rego, A. Cristina
Oliveira, Catarina R.
Seabra, Rosa Maria
|Keywords:||Antioxidants; Flavonoids; Oxidative stress; Retinal cells||Issue Date:||2001||Citation:||Biochemical Pharmacology. 62:1 (2001) 111-118||Abstract:||In this study, we investigated the structure-activity relationship of four flavonoids, i.e. eriodictyol, luteolin, quercetin, and taxifolin, in cultured retinal cells after ascorbate/Fe2+-induced oxidative stress. The relative order of antioxidant efficacy, determined by the thiobarbituric acid method, was the following: eriodictyol > quercetin > luteolin > taxifolin. Upon preincubation, the flavonoids were also effective in reducing the extent of lipid peroxidation. Oxidative stress, determined by the changes in fluorescence of 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein, was also decreased in the presence of the flavonoids, showing the following order of antioxidant efficacy: eriodictyol > taxifolin [approximate] quercetin > luteolin. Ascorbate/Fe2+-induced oxidative stress or incubation in the presence of the flavonoids did not significantly affect the viability of retinal cells. We also evaluated the degree of membrane partition of the flavonoids. In this system, the results strongly suggest that the higher antioxidant activity of the flavonoids is not correlated with the presence of a double bond at C2-C3 and/or a hydroxyl group at C3 on the C ring, but rather may depend on the capacity to inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species to interact hydrophobically with membranes. Eriodictyol was shown to be the most efficient antioxidant in protecting against oxidative stress induced by ascorbate/Fe2+ in the retinal cells.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10316/4828||Rights:||openAccess|
|Appears in Collections:||FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais|
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