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Title: Economic growth and environmental impacts: An analysis based on a composite index of environmental damage
Authors: Almeida, Thiago Alexandre das Neves 
Cruz, Luís 
Barata, Eduardo 
García-Sánchez, Isabel-María 
Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve; Environmental Composite Indexes; Economic growth; CIEP; Panel Data
Issue Date: May-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Serial title, monograph or event: Ecological Indicators
Volume: 76
Place of publication or event: Netherlands
Abstract: The conflict between economic growth and the environment is complex and sharper today than ever before. Indeed, the relationship between economic growth and the sustainability of ecosystems has been extensively discussed in the literature, but the results remain controversial. This paper reviews the use of single and composite indicators of environmental damage and questions whether the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis sufficiently mirrors the relationship between economic growth and ecological damage. Ecological Indicators are relevant when they potentially inform society about ecological developments in a reliable way. We use the modified composite index of environmental performance (mCIEP) to measure environmental damage, and GDP per capita to represent economic growth. The econometric model is developed using panel data composed of 152 countries and a period of 6 years. The model is estimated for the full sample, for three different sets of countries, by level of development, and a decomposition analysis is carried out, which corresponds to the study of the CIEP individual dimensions. Our results reveal that, at present, the EKC hypothesis is not proved. We conclude that it is critical to be clear that economic growth alone is not enough to improve environmental quality. Therefore, creating a consistent, coherent and effective environmental policy framework is essential in order to improve environmental quality that supports wellbeing and enables long-term economic development.
ISSN: 1470-160X
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.12.028
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CLP - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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AM_Ecological Indicators_TA_LC_EB_IMGS_2017.pdfAlmeida, T.; Cruz, L.; Barata, E.; García-Sánchez, I-M. (2017) “Economic growth and environmental impacts: an analysis based on a composite index of environmental damage”, Ecological Indicators, 76, 119-130 (doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.12.028).1.17 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
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