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Title: Single-electron pulse-height spectra in thin-gap parallel-plate chambers
Authors: Fonte, P. 
Ferreira-Marques, Rui 
Peskov, V. 
Policarpo, A. 
Keywords: Single-electron pulse-height spectra; Parallel-plate chambers
Issue Date: 1999
Citation: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 433:1-2 (1999) 513-517
Abstract: Single-electron pulse-height spectra were measured in 0.6 and 1.2 mm parallel-plate chambers developed for the TOF system of the ALICE/LHC-HI experiment. Mixtures of Ar with ethane, isobutane, and SF6 were studied. The observed spectrum shows a clear peak for all gases, suggesting efficient single-electron detection in thin parallel-plate structures. The pulse-height spectrum can be described by the weighted sum of an exponential and a Polya distribution, the Polya contribution becoming more important at higher gains. Additionally, it was found that the maximum gain, above 106, is limited by the appearance of streamers and depends weakly on the gas composition. The suitability of each mixture for single-electron detection is also quantitatively assessed.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Física - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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