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Title: A technique for the absolute measurement of the W-value for X-rays in counting gases
Authors: Vinagre, F. L. R. 
Conde, C. A. N. 
Keywords: W-value; Ionization yield; Radiation physics; Dosimetry; X-ray detectors
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 450:2-3 (2000) 365-372
Abstract: A technique was developed for the absolute measurement of the W-value (the mean energy for the production of an electron-ion pair) for low-energy X-rays in a wide range of gases at atmospheric pressures, with a standard uncertainty better than 1%. This technique is based on the absolute measurement of the primary ionization charge produced by X-ray photons from a constant intensity monoenergetic X-ray source, e.g. a long lifetime radioactive source. The ionization charge is calibrated by the number of X-ray photons absorbed in the gas, counted with a photon detector. For this purpose, a hybrid detector system was tested and its use in W-value measurements was investigated. The technique was applied to pure xenon at 825 Torr with 5.9 keV X-rays and a W-value of 21.61-0.10+0.14 eV was obtained for a 68% confidence level. The required corrections and the different factors contributing to the accuracy of the results are discussed. The advantages and limitations of this technique are explored and future developments are discussed.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Física - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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