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Title: Structural, mechanical and dielectric properties of Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3—The benefits of a colloidal processing approach
Authors: Kaushal, A. 
Olhero, S. M. 
Antunes, P. 
Ramalho, A. 
Ferreira, J. M. F. 
Keywords: A. Oxides; A. Electronic materials; D. Microstructure; D. Mechanical properties; D. Dielectric properties
Issue Date: Feb-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: KAUSHAL, A. [et al.] - Structural, mechanical and dielectric properties of Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3—The benefits of a colloidal processing approach. "Materials Research Bulletin". ISSN 0025-5408. Vol. 50 (2014) p. 329-336
Serial title, monograph or event: Materials Research Bulletin
Volume: 50
Abstract: This paper reports on the benefits gathered from a proper colloidal dispersion/deagglomeration of a Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 (BST) powder in water followed by spraying the aqueous suspension against liquid nitrogen to obtain homogeneous granules. The density of green compacts derived from the freeze granulated (FG) powder was compared with that of compacts prepared from the same starting BST powder but non-granulated (NG). The sintering ability of the greens and the density, mechanical and functional properties of the obtained ceramics sintered at various temperatures properties were shown to be strongly enhanced by the freeze granulation step. Freeze granulation enabled decreasing the optimal sintering temperature for 50 °C, and enhanced all the relevant measured properties, which showed a good correlation with sintered density. Maximum values of dielectric constant (εrmax=5087) and dielectric loss (tan δ = 0.009) were measured at the phase transition temperature (Tc = −3 °C) and at a constant frequency of 10 kHz for the FG BST ceramics sintered at 1250 °C, which also showed a flatter temperature-dependent dielectric profile.
ISSN: 0025-5408
DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2013.11.028
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Eng.Mecânica - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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