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Title: Noninvasive analysis of hepatic glycogen kinetics before and after breakfast with deuterated water and acetaminophen
Authors: Jones, John G. 
Fagulha, Ana 
Barosa, Cristina 
Bastos, Margarida 
Barros, Luisa 
Baptista, Carla 
Caldeira, M. Madalena 
Carvalheiro, Manuela 
Issue Date: Aug-2006
Publisher: American Diabetes Association
Citation: Diabetes. 55:8 (2006) 2294-2300
Abstract: The contributions of hepatic glycogenolysis to fasting glucose production and direct pathway to hepatic glycogen synthesis were quantified in eight type 1 diabetic patients and nine healthy control subjects by ingestion of (2)H(2)O and acetaminophen before breakfast followed by analysis of urinary water and acetaminophen glucuronide. After overnight fasting, enrichment of glucuronide position 5 relative to body water (G5/body water) was significantly higher in type 1 diabetic patients compared with control subjects, indicating a reduced contribution of glycogenolysis to glucose production (38 +/- 3 vs. 46 +/- 2%). Following breakfast, G5/body water was significantly higher in type 1 diabetic patients, indicating a smaller direct pathway contribution to glycogen synthesis (47 +/- 2 vs. 59 +/- 2%). Glucuronide hydrogen 2 enrichment (G2) was equivalent to body water during fasting (G2/body water 0.94 +/- 0.03 and 1.02 +/- 0.06 for control and type 1 diabetic subjects, respectively) but was significantly lower after breakfast (G2/body water 0.78 +/- 0.03 and 0.82 +/- 0.05 for control and type 1 diabetic subjects, respectively). The reduced postprandial G2 levels reflect incomplete glucose-6-phosphate-fructose-6-phosphate exchange or glycogen synthesis from dietary galactose. Unlike current measurements of human hepatic glycogen metabolism, the (2)H(2)O/acetaminophen assay does not require specialized on-site clinical equipment or personnel
ISSN: 0012-1797
DOI: 10.2337/db06-0304
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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