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Title: Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hog1 protein phosphorylation upon exposure to bacterial endotoxin
Authors: Marques, Joana M. 
Rodrigues, Ricardo J. 
Sant'Ana, Augusto C. de Magalhães 
Gonçalves, Teresa 
Issue Date: 25-Aug-2006
Publisher: The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Citation: The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 281:34 (2006) 24687-24694
Abstract: The yeast Hog1 protein is both functionally and structurally similar to the mammalian p38, belonging to the same family of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases and responding to extracellular changes in osmolarity. Since p38 mediates lipopolysaccharide (LPS) effects in mammalian cells, we now tested the responsiveness of Hog1 upon exposure of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to bacterial LPS. In the presence of Escherichia coli LPS (100 ng/ml) and an endotoxically active, hexaacylated, synthetic lipid A (compound 506; 100 ng/ml), Hog1 becomes phosphorylated with a maximum of phosphorylation between 3 and 6 h, whereas a tetraacylated, inactive form of lipid A (compound 406) did not cause any modification in the phosphorylation state of Hog1. A triple labeling immunocytochemical study showed that phosphorylated Hog1 translocates into the nucleus after a 90-min incubation and becomes sparsely located in the cytoplasm. The translocation of the phospho-Hog1 is preceded by an increased expression of the HOG1 gene and concomitant with the expression of the Hog1 target gene, GPD1. We also observed that cells unable to synthesize Hog1 do not resist LPS as efficiently as wild-type cells. We conclude that the yeast S. cerevisiae is able to respond to the presence of Gram-negative bacteria endotoxin and that Hog1 is involved in this response
ISSN: 0021-9258
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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