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Title: Effect of Europium(III) Chloride on the Aggregation Behavior of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Authors: Valente, A. J. M. 
Burrows, H. D. 
Pereira, R. F. 
Ribeiro, A. C. F. 
Pereira, J. L. G. Costa 
Lobo, V. M. M. 
Issue Date: 20-Jun-2006
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Langmuir. 22:13 (2006) 5625-5629
Abstract: The effect of EuCl3 on the aggregation processes of sodium dodecyl sulfate was investigated. Electrical conductivity data, combined with Eu(III) luminescence measurements, suggest that the formation of micelles involving EuCl3 and SDS occurs at low SDS concentration; the formation of these mixed aggregates was also monitored by light scattering, which indicates that the addition of EuCl3 to SDS concentration at values below the critical micelle concentration of the pure surfactant results in a much higher light scattering than that found just with SDS micelles. It was also found that the Eu(III)/DS- complexes are formed with a binding ratio which varies between 20 and 4, depending on the initial concentration of Eu(III). As the concentration increases, turbidity occurs initially, but solutions become clear subsequently. In contrast to the behavior of SDS in the presence of aluminum(III), no flocculation was observed. From the analysis of electrical conductivity data and comparison with other systems, it is suggested that growth of aggregates happens, probably with formation of nonspherical systems. At the highest concentrations these may involve just Eu(III) and DS- ions. The effect of temperature on the SDS micellization process was studied. The calculated free energy of SDS micellization is not dependent on the initial EuCl3 but is dependent on the final balance between the presence of counterions in solution (ionic strength) and the temperature.
ISSN: 0743-7463
DOI: 10.1021/la060285e
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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