Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/100431
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dc.contributor.authorBurkova, Valentina N.-
dc.contributor.authorButovskaya, Marina L.-
dc.contributor.authorRandall, Ashley K.-
dc.contributor.authorFedenok, Julija N.-
dc.contributor.authorAhmadi, Khodabakhsh-
dc.contributor.authorAlghraibeh, Ahmad M.-
dc.contributor.authorAllami, Fathil Bakir Mutsher-
dc.contributor.authorAlpaslan, Fadime Suata-
dc.contributor.authorAl-Zu’bi, Mohammad Ahmad Abdelaziz-
dc.contributor.authorBiçer, Derya Fatma-
dc.contributor.authorCetinkaya, Hakan-
dc.contributor.authorDavid, Oana Alexandra-
dc.contributor.authorDonato, Silvia-
dc.contributor.authorDural, Seda-
dc.contributor.authorErickson, Paige-
dc.contributor.authorErmakov, Alexey M.-
dc.contributor.authorErtuğrul, Berna-
dc.contributor.authorFayankinnu, Emmanuel Abiodun-
dc.contributor.authorFisher, Maryanne L.-
dc.contributor.authorHocker, Lauren-
dc.contributor.authorHromatko, Ivana-
dc.contributor.authorKasparova, Elena-
dc.contributor.authorKavina, Alexander-
dc.contributor.authorKhatatbeh, Yahya M.-
dc.contributor.authorKhun-Inkeeree, Hareesol-
dc.contributor.authorKline, Kai M.-
dc.contributor.authorKoç, Fırat-
dc.contributor.authorKolodkin, Vladimir-
dc.contributor.authorMacEacheron, Melanie-
dc.contributor.authorMaruf, Irma Rachmawati-
dc.contributor.authorMesko, Norbert-
dc.contributor.authorMkrtchyan, Ruzan-
dc.contributor.authorNurisnaeny, Poppy Setiawati-
dc.contributor.authorOjedokun, Oluyinka-
dc.contributor.authorAdebayo, Damilola-
dc.contributor.authorOmar-Fauzee, Mohd S. B.-
dc.contributor.authorÖzener, Barış-
dc.contributor.authorPonciano, Edna Lúcia Tinoco-
dc.contributor.authorRizwan, Muhammad-
dc.contributor.authorSabiniewicz, Agnieszka-
dc.contributor.authorSpodina, Victoriya I.-
dc.contributor.authorStoyanova, Stanislava-
dc.contributor.authorTripathi, Nachiketa-
dc.contributor.authorUpadhyay, Satwik-
dc.contributor.authorWeisfeld, Carol-
dc.contributor.authorYaakob, Mohd Faiz Mohd-
dc.contributor.authorYusof, Mat Rahimi-
dc.contributor.authorZinurova, Raushaniia I.-
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-17T14:39:07Z-
dc.date.available2022-06-17T14:39:07Z-
dc.date.issued2021-04-04-
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050pt
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10316/100431-
dc.description.abstractPrior and ongoing COVID-19 pandemic restrictions have resulted in substantial changes to everyday life. The pandemic and measures of its control affect mental health negatively. Self-reported data from 15,375 participants from 23 countries were collected from May to August 2020 during the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. Two questionnaires measuring anxiety level were used in this study—the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), and the State Anxiety Inventory (SAI). The associations between a set of social indicators on anxiety during COVID-19 (e.g., sex, age, country, live alone) were tested as well. Self-reported anxiety during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic varied across countries, with the maximum levels reported for Brazil, Canada, Italy, Iraq and the USA. Sex differences of anxiety levels during COVID-19 were also examined, and results showed women reported higher levels of anxiety compared to men. Overall, our results demonstrated that the self-reported symptoms of anxiety were higher compared to those reported in general before pandemic. We conclude that such cultural dimensions as individualism/collectivism, power distance and looseness/tightness may function as protective adaptive mechanisms against the development of anxiety disorders in a pandemic situation.pt
dc.language.isoengpt
dc.publisherMDPIpt
dc.relation075-15-2020-910pt
dc.relationK125437pt
dc.rightsopenAccesspt
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pt
dc.subjectCOVID-19 pandemicpt
dc.subjectSARS-CoV-2 infectionpt
dc.subjectAnxietypt
dc.subjectStresspt
dc.subjectCross-culturalpt
dc.subjectIndividualismpt
dc.subjectCollectivismpt
dc.subjectPower distancept
dc.subjectLoosenesspt
dc.subjectTightnesspt
dc.titlePredictors of Anxiety in the COVID-19 Pandemic from a Global Perspective: Data from 23 Countriespt
dc.typearticle-
degois.publication.firstPage4017pt
degois.publication.issue7pt
degois.publication.locationBaselpt
degois.publication.titleSustainabilitypt
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.3390/su13074017pt
dc.peerreviewedyespt
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su13074017pt
degois.publication.volume13pt
dc.date.embargo2021-04-04*
uc.date.periodoEmbargo0pt
item.grantfulltextopen-
item.fulltextCom Texto completo-
item.openairetypearticle-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.languageiso639-1en-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-8606-1095-
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
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